Common Name: African Wild Dog

Scientific Name: Lycaon pictus

Type: Mammals

Diet: Carnivorous

Average Lifespan in the Wild: 13 years

Size: 29 to 43 in. long

Weight: 30 to 40 lb. 

African Wild Dog (Lycaon pictus)

African Wild Dog

Map of Africa- Where African Wild Dog are Found

The African Wild Dog, also known as the Painted Dog or Cape Hunting Dog, is listed as endangered on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™ with an estimated population of only 6 600, of which only 1 400 are mature individuals. This long-legged canine can be found roaming the open plains and woodlands of sub-Saharan Africa.

The African Wild Dog is most easily identified from both domestic and other wild dogs by its brightly mottled fur, with its name in Latin aptly meaning painted wolf. The African Wild Dog is said to be the most sociable of all the canines, living in packs of around 30 individuals. Sadly, however, this highly intelligent and sociable animal is under severe threat in much of its natural habitat, primarily due to habitat loss as well as being hunted and poisoned by humans. The fact that they are particularly vulnerable to the spread of disease by livestock, over and above hunting and habitat loss issues, is thought to be the next most serious cause for the declining population.